Hassan M. A. Al-Musa


Objectives: Ultrasound imaging was conducted to identify the thyroid gland abnormalities and its incidence rate among residents of Aseer region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Methods: A non-intervention prospective study was designed A total of 281 participants (age range from 7 to 80 years) were randomly selected at Aseer Region and Radiology Department, King Khalid University (KKU) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), from 8th to 16thMarch 2015 data was collected by using demographic characteristics gathered through fixed questionnaires and the thyroid abnormalities detected using Ultrasonography (USG) within period of 7 days. The frequencies of specific thyroid findings were analyzed using Statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS).

Results: 40 (14.2%) cases of incidental thyroid abnormalities were observed of which 31 (11%) were cases of thyroid nodules, 25 (8.9%) were cases of cystic nodules, 6 (2.1%) were cases of solid nodules, 8 (2.5%) were cases of goiter and 1 (0.4%) was a case of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. Higher incidence rate of thyroid nodules was observed among 11-20 years old age group. A majority of nodules were benign in nature and were smaller (< 5mm) in size.

Conclusion: USG is an inexpensive and noninvasive diagnostic imaging tool to identify and classify thyroid abnormalities in a population. Hence USG should be routinely used in the long-term management of thyroid heath of resident of Aseer region of KSA.

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